Functions of Omega 3
- Omega 3 is associated with decrease inflammation, stiffness and joint pain 
- May help to reduce muscle loss due to injury [4-7]
- May help to limit the onset of fatigue and muscle soreness during high intensity exercise 
- Decrease inflammation and the production of reactive oxygen species, which can lead to tissue and muscle damage (free radicals) 
- Maintain stable blood sugar levels [2,3]
Energy For Performance
Most oils contain Omega 6 and 9 and no Omega 3 and those that do have Omega 3 generally provide only one of the three critical fatty acids – linolenic acid. This forces the horse’s metabolism to try and manufacture the other two elements, eicosopentanoic acid (EPA) and docosohexanoic acid (DHA).
A highly inefficient process, it is unlikely at the recommended feeding rates for other oils, that any benefit is derived for the horse. Omega 3 oils which only contain linolenic acid would have to be fed at 5 to 10 times the rate, or more, to match OMEGA GOLD – obviously an expensive and impractical course.
 Calder, P.C. Omega-3 fatty acids and inflammatory processes. Nutrients 2010, 2, 355–374.
 Smith, B.K.; Holloway, G.P.; Reza-Lopez, S.; Jeram, S.M.; Kang, J.X.; Ma, D.W.L. A decreased n-6/n-3 ratio in the fat-1 mouse is associated with improved glucose tolerance. Appl. Physiol. Nutr. Metab. 2010, 35, 699–706.
 Romanatto, T.; Fiamoncini, J.; Wang, B.; Curi, R.; Kang, J.X. Elevated tissue omega-3 fatty acid status prevents age-related glucose intolerance in fat-1 transgenic mice. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2014, 1842, 186–191.
 Ryan, A.M.; Reynolds, J.V, Healy, L.; Byrne, M.; Moore, J.; Brannelly, N.; Flood, P. Enteral nutrition enriched with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) preserves lean body mass following esophageal cancer surgery: Results of a double-blinded randomized controlled trial. Ann. Surg. 2009, 249, 355–363.
 You, J.-S.; Park, M.-N.; Song, W.; Lee, Y.-S. Dietary fish oil alleviates soleus atrophy during immobilization in association with Akt signaling to p70s6k and E3 ubiquitin ligases in rats. Appl. Physiol. Nutr. Metab. 2010, 35, 310–318.
 Alexander, J.W.; Saito, H.; Trocki, O.; Ogle, C.K. The importance of lipid type in the diet afterburn injury. Ann. Surg. 1986, 204, 1–8.
 Bodine, S.C. Disuse-induced muscle wasting. Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 2013, 45, 2200–2208.
 Jeromson S, Gallagher IJ, Galloway SD, Hamilton DL. Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Skeletal Muscle Health. Mar Drugs. 2015;13(11):6977-7004. Published 2015 Nov 19. doi:10.3390/md13116977
 Black KE, Witard OC, Baker D, et al. Adding omega-3 fatty acids to a protein-based supplement during pre-season training results in reduced muscle soreness and the better maintenance of explosive power in professional Rugby Union players. Eur J Sport Sci. 2018;18(10):1357-1367. doi:10.1080/17461391.2018.1491626
 Shei RJ, Lindley MR, Mickleborough TD. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the optimization of physical performance. Mil Med. 2014;179(11 Suppl):144-156. doi:10.7205/MILMED-D-14-00160
 Tokuyama S, Nakamoto K. Unsaturated fatty acids and pain. Biol Pharm Bull. 2011;34(8):1174-1178. doi:10.1248/bpb.34.1174
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